Silicon was discovered in the early half of the 19th century by Jöns Jacob Berzelius, a Swedish chemist. After its discover, there were no major uses for over 100 years, until the digital revolution. While silicon makes up about 95% of all semiconductors today, germanium (Ge) made up most of the original semiconductors and transistors. After finding that silicon has superior thermal and leakage properties than Ge in 1954 by Texas Instruments, the industry movement began. Fast forward to today, and there are 10.5 billion square inches of silicon wafers shipped around the world each year. These power nearly everything we use on a daily basis from phones to cars. There are also countless unique research purposes that are pushing technological boundaries.